‘SURVIVAL’: BBC GAG RENE CUTFORTH— back page

INSIDE

SOUTH AFRICA FOR NON-VIOLENCE AND UNILATERAL DISARMAMENT : Fenner Brockway, MP, No. 1298 ee ean a London, May 12, 1961 , ; , ‘SIXPENCE id ieee

on the republic

page two

The military are short of answers THE UNIONS AND

THE BOMB A 0 | S : N Why the unions are tao! “turning round on unilateralism page four ,

7 HAAVING failed to settle their policy on the major military issues facing ACROSS THE BORDER

the North Atlantic alliance, the Americans have proposed that the Foreign Ministers meeting in Oslo this week should concentrate on world-wide political issues, This has been generally agreed.”

With these words The Guardian's Defence _ correspondent, Leonard Beaton, started his opening report from Oslo on the NATO meeting there,

How short the military are of answers has just been shown by. a:new pamphlet pub- lished by the British Atlantic Committee. Entitled Nuclear’ Disarmament, it | seeks to refute the case. of the. Campaign’ for Nuclear Disarmament by setting out ques- tions, and, answers for those, who want the facts:

The British Atlantic Committee is a -non- party body that aims’ to create public opinion in favour of NATO:..A former Cabinet. Minister .is. president,. and among’

Whitsun at the Holy Loch A

War have sent a special message to Peace News calling attention to the American Polaris Base at the Holy Loch, Scotland. The sponsors: John Braine,; Ernie Roberts,

GROUP of sponsors. of the Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear

Spike Milligan, Herbert., Read, John Osborne, Constance Cummings, Michael Scott, John Berger, Alex Comfort, Horace Alexander and, Hugh Brock, say in their message :

“...in view of the reaction of the American Government to previous demon- strations against Polaris, it)'seems the removal of the base from the Holy Loch may be.a realisable goal...”

The message ‘then goes on to urge readers of Peace. News.to take part in the demon- stration and to support the project’ the Direct Action Committee have organised for Whitsun by ‘sending money to the Com- mittee, at) 344, Seven. Sisters Road, London, N.4.

A special, train.has. been, arranged to leave Euston: Station!on Friday; May 19, at 9.10. p.m, and two coaches from: Midland

Road, St. Pancras, N.W.1, at 8.30 p.m. on the same evening. Wendy Butlin, who has been in charge of the organisation in the London office (STA 7062) asks supporters te contact her and book seats on these coaches or train.

Regions of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament have made. arrangements. to transport supporters to Scotland for the demonstration. The London _ Regional Council are co-operating with Barking CND and the coach bookings are being handled by Ann Lincoln at TERminus 0284, Con- voys of, miscellaneous vehicles. are leaving from Hampstead ‘and from Nottingham. Coach: transport has been’ arranged by Yorkshire, Manchester, Tyneside and, Liver- pool regions ofthe Campaign.

The Scottish Council CND have organ- ised a'supporting march’ and a meeting and arrangements ate’ being made by, the Secre- tary at Community House; 214, Clyde Street, Glasgow, C.1.

A group" of supporters ‘unable to travel @ ON BACK PAGE

TTT aM TRL TER

‘STAY AT HOME!’

7 call upon all organisations and the trade union movement to organise acts of solidarity for: the’ people*of South Africa on May 31, the day on which their country ceases to be. a member of the Commonwealth,” says a. statement issued last week from the London. office of the South Africa United Front.

‘“s

In South Africa, the. editorial board of Contact, the inter-racial fortnightly, call for full’ support fora nation-wide’ peaceful stay-at-home demonstration being organ- ised on the day.

‘CAlls who: love freedom, all ;»who love South Africa,” says the paper edited. by Patrick Duncan, son of a former Governor- General, »“‘ ally: who: ‘wish © toysremove. the leprosy of apartheid, all, must, hear the call when. it comes at the end; of. May, must obey it and must,stay at home.”

In Cape Town 8,000. cheering coloured people gathered.on the.Grand Parade on April 6’to"declaré their support for May 31:

MVOLOeWUee COLIC SPpUnaeny, LXLOMAIY Beaton, started his opening report from Oslo on the NATO meeting there.

How short the military, are of answers has just been shown by a :new pamphlet pub- lished by the British Atlantic Committee. Entitled Nuclear’ Disarmament, it ‘seeks to refute the case of the. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament by setting out ques- tions. and answers for those who want the facts.”

The British Atlantic Committee is a non- party body that aims to create public opinion in favour of NATO.:...A former Cabinet Minister is president, and among’ the vice-presidents is Mr. Geoffrey de, Freitas, an Opposition Front Bench spokes- man,

The quality of the “facts” in the pam- phlet can be judged from extracts:

QO. What about this business of inspection and control? Isn't it just delaying action on disarmament? We've been at it for years and all we have got is the arms race, which always leads to war.

‘Quite untrue’

A. That is quite. untrue. 1, know: of no war in history caused by an arms race. What does lead to. war is when one. side arms and the other does not.

Among other answers in the pamphlet is one explaining why Christians should be in favour of H-bombs, This is the only policy, says the pamphlet, which can protect’ the spiritual values upheld by all the churches, in’ the world.” Any. other policy would not result in God’s will,”

On accidents the dialogue is equally re- vealing ;

Q. Might not these weapons be let off by accident—someone. making a mistake—being too quick on the trigger? I-hear we would only get.a few, minutes’, warning of a missile attack,

A. It is conceivable,’ though unlikely. Anyway, surely that would happen only in a crisis when.we, should be alerted. Our bombers can get’ off the ground in even fewer minutes... .

So if an accident kills us, it'll be no accident: that: “the enemy” are wiped ‘out as well.

This pamphlet is a matter for congratula- tion. It shows that the Campaign has, posed a threat which.can no longer be left safely to the Right wing of the Labour Party’ to meet. And it allows us to study the mili- tary arguments against! CND. They read curiously like, 1984.

2—PEACE. NEWS, May 12, 1961

TERMS: Cash with order, 3d. per word, min. 2s. 64. (Box No. 1s. extra). Please don’t send stamps im payment, except for odd pence. Address Box No. replies: Peace News, 5 Caledonian Rd., London, N.1.

Please send advertisements by first post Monday. MEETINGS MEETING ROOMS AVAILABLE at Peace News offces, seat 1@—40, very reasonable charges, re- freshment facilities, piano. Apply The Warden, 5 Caledonian Rd., King’s Cross, London, N.1. BULGARIA’S DAY OF CULTURE celebration: Saturday, May 27, at 7 p.m., Philbeach Hall (Earis

Ct. Stn.). British-Bulgarian music, songs, dances. Artistes: Nellie and Levcho Zdravchev, Esther Salaman, Gladys Ritchie, A. L. Lloyd, Heinz Bernard. SFB Dance Group. Tkts.: 2s. 6d. Sec.:

SFB, 42 Tavistock Street, W.C.2. HOLIDAY ACCOMMODATION

CLOSE EXMOOR : Secluded site 4 berth caravan. Evered, Huntscott, Wootton Courtenay, Minehead.

GRASMERE, Westmorland. Come to Rothay Bank, a comfortable vegetarian Guest House in the heart of the lovely Lake District, for invigorat- ing holidays or for rest and relaxation. 20 years reputation for good food in plenty, Proprietress: Isabel James. Brochure on request,

KESWICK: Visit the Lake District for your holiday this year. Highfield Vegetarian Guest House, The Heads, offers beautiful scenery, good food, eomfort and friendly _ atmosphere. Tel. 508 or write—Mr. and Mrs. Norman Lusby.

PAX HOUSE, offers you individual attention, comfort, vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. and C. Centrally situated, within easy reach of sea. 17 Melville Rd., Hove 2 (70945).

SNOWDONIA NATIONAL PARK,.. Vegetarian Guest House overlooking Cardigan Bey. Moun- tains, sea bathing and sands. Also furnished rooms, own kitchen. Trevor and Mary Jepson, Bracken- hurst, Fairbourne, Merioneth.

WELSH-SHROPSHIRE border, 25 acres delightful riverside grounds. Peace with comfort, | Winifred and Jobn Holland, Bryn Tanet Guest House, Llan- santffraid, Montgomeryshire. Brochure.

PERSONAL

ATTENTION ABSTAINERS. Motor Insurance Company insuring abstainers only offer amazingly low rates. Up to 50 per cent N.C.B. Details from Temperance Brokers, local representatives in all areas. Morris Hunter (PN), 33 Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea, Essex.

DUPLICATING, verbatim shorthand, typing (tapes, etc.), translating. Mabel Eyles, 10 Beacons- field. Road, London, N.11... ENTerprise 3324.

CAN ANYONE HELP ‘young working widow with two school-age quiet children desperately requiring unfurnished accommodation ? London area. Grover: 151 Taybridge Road, S.W.11.

iF YOU SHOP at a Co-op., please give this number when making your next purchase : 1336943. Your dividend will then be gratefully received by the Secretary, Peace News, 5 Caledonian Rd., London, N.1.

MEET INTERESTING PEOPLE through informa] hospitality of the Marriage Club. Both London and country members invited. Mrs. Prue White, 14 Parliament Hill, London, N.W.3.

PACIFIST FORTNIGHT CAMPAIGN. _ Brighton Group. Helpers and contributions urgently needed. Contact : Helene Roth, 17 Melville Rd., Hove 2.

PEACE NEWS AND HOUSMANS BOOKSHOP welcome visitors 9.30 to 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, to 1 p.m. on Saturday. Voluntary work always available. Peace literature, books of all kinds, personal-commercial stationery, greetings cards, etc., on sale.

PIONEERS WANTED for Peace Education Centre. Long or short stays. Part-time work available in summer. Details: Director, Langthwaite House, Lancaster.

pentuby hgh fe SES TE Ee TA te ae tee ee, ee eee

South Africa prepares | for May 31

By FENNER BROCKWAY, MP

Chairman of the

Movement for Colonial Frecdom

HREE weeks from now the Union of South Africa will no longer be in the Commonwealth. The signs are that the end will come in further violence

and bloodshed.

Africans, Indians, Coloureds and Liberal. Europeans are planning demonstrations for May 31, when the Union becomes a Republic, claiming democratic rights and race equality. The Government has shown its: inten- tion to crush them. Leaders have already been rounded up.

The picture is-black, yet I have confidence that’ apartheid will disappear from South

Africa much sooner. than most people

expect. ‘I base this view on the ever grow- ing ‘strength of the resistance; the pressure of world opinion and action; and the weakening of the Whites.

Sometimes British people put all the blame for apartheid on the Afrikaans, the Whites of Dutch origin. This is not fair. The British Whites in South Africa, except the Progressive and Liberal minorities, have advocated and practised race discrimination, and the Opposition (United Party) in the Legislature, which they dominate, has been unwilling that the Africans should be en- franchised. Last week’s census gives the Africans nearly eleven millions in contrast with less than four million Europeans.

Wind of change

Now, however, the wind of change is blowing over South Africa. On May the First (an appropriate day) Sir Villiers de Graaf, the United Party leader, declared for direct representation of the Coloureds (mixed race); a defined political status (it is unclear what this means) for the Indians; African representation on a sepa- rate roli: and the entry of non-Whites to

The most evident illustration of this affected United Kingdom representation in

South Africa. At present we have a High

Commissioner, who is responsible also for the administration of the three British Pro- tectorates in South Africa, Bechuanaland, Basutoland and Swaziland, Now that South Africa is leaving the Commonwealth, the normal practice would be for the High Commissioner to be replaced by an Ambas- sador, But the Government declined to give us any pledge that this will be done. In- deed, we were told that the United King- dom representative will probably continue to be responsible to the Commonwealth Relations Office rather than to the Foreign Office. This would make South Africa’s non-membership of the Commonwealth quite unreal.

I was glad to see the Labour Party moving an amendment to the Bill that, what- ever other arrangements are continued with South Africa (they are to be negotiated during twelve months), the British Defence Treaties should be ended at once.

Measures have recently been announced in South Africa to strengthen the Union’s military forces. These have been justified because of the danger, not of world war, but of internal disorders within South Africa and the somewhat remote possibility that there may be African invasions from the North in sympathy with an African rebellion. é

It would be intolerable if British troops or arms were made available to South Africa in these circumstances. Yet the Minister of Defence told the South African Parliament last week that it is not intended to cancel the affiliation of the Citizen Force, mobilised to crush internal revolts,

Stop sending arms now

admiration for the many Whites who are so courageously standing for race equality, and that our concern is for the vast majority of people in the Union who are the daily victims of the humiliations of apartheid. We look forward to the day when South Africa will rejoin the Commonwealth on the basis of equality of all races, but experience has already shown that this will be hastened not by attempting to appease the Union Government, not by lessening the effects of non-membership of the Commonwealth, but by, making. clear in practice our deep moral repugnance to apartheid and our determination not to be associated with its imposition in any shape or form.

Copyright in Africa and Asia reserved to author.

Include

Send notices to arrive first post Monday. Date, TOWN, Time, Place (hall, street); nature of event; speakers, organisers (and secretary’s address).

Friday, May 12 BRISTOL : 7.30 p.m. Horfield Friends’ Mtg., 300 Gloucester Rd. Pacifist Fortnight Campaign, plans and brief AGM report. PPU.

DALKEITH: 9.30 a:m. London-Holy Loch Pro- test Marchers leave for East Meadows, Edinburgh.

EDINBURGH : 7.30 p.m. Central, Hall, Tollcross: Mass Meeting and Music; Rev. Ralph Morton, Geoffrey Carnall. Roy Guest, Jeannie Robertson and Edinburgh University Folk-singers. Tickets 1s. from Mrs. H. Pool, 41 Craiglockhart Loan. (CRA 1162.) CND.

Saturday, May 13 Lancs.: 3-6 p.m. Friends J } PFC Bring and Buy Sale, Proceeds in aid of Campaign Funds. Refreshments. PPU.

GRANGE-OVER-SANDS : 3 p.m. Parish . Hall, Kent’s Bank Rd., ‘* Experiences in Two Wars"’; Mrs. W. Parsons, O.B.E. Grange Peace Group.

LONDON, W.1: 3 p.m. Wigmore Hall, Wigmore St. Recital by Wilfred Brown (Tenor) and John Williams (Guitar), Tickets may be obtained from

ECCLES, Mtg. Ho.,

Half Edge La.

pr aaa Action, 2 Amen Crt., E.C.4. (WELbeck : Sunday, May 14

LONDON, N.1: 3.30 p.m. 5 Caledonian Rd.,

Universal Religion-Pacifist Fellowship. Discourse :

Arlo Tatum, ‘‘ Impressions of Hinduism." LIVERPOOL : § p.m. 3A Courtney Rd., Waterloo. May Roberts: AGM Report... Crosby PPU.

Monday, May 15 ., LONDON, W.C.1: 6.30 p.m. 6 Endsleigh St. Steps to Peace? World Peace Brigade ’’; Arlo Tatum. Refreshments 6 o’clock. Central London PRU: Tuesday, May 16 TAAIMOAN A UW 2. 82 ww

OA AR es, if | 7a

445i LayYORrIaege WOaG, oO. YV.aE.

iF YOU SHOP at a Co-op., please give this number when making your next purchase : 1336943. Your dividend will then be gratefully received by the Secretary, Peace News, 5 Caledonian Rd., London, N.1.

MEET INTERESTING PEOPLE through informal hospitality of the Marriage Club. Both London and country members invited. Mrs. Prue White, 14 Parliament Hill, London, N.W.3. :

PACIFIST FORTNIGHT CAMPAIGN. _ Brighton Group. Helpers and contributions urgently needed. Contact : Helene Roth, 17 Melville Rd., Hove 2.

PEACE NEWS AND HOUSMANS BOOKSHOP welcome visitors 9.30 to 6 p.m. Monday to Friday, ‘to 1 p.m. on Saturday. Voluntary work always available. Peace literature, books of all kinds, personal-commercial stationery, greetings cards, etc., on sale.

PIONEERS WANTED for Peace Education Centre. Long or short stays. Part-time work available in summer. Details: Director, Langthwaite House, Lancaster. i

PROPORTIONAL SPACING brings beauty of printed page to duplicated circulars, magazines, etc. Request. samples, quotation. Plus-Five Duplicating (PN), 4 Queen Street, Chesterfield.

URGENT.—Voluntary helpers required at Peace News. office, Wednesday evenings and Thursday mornings, for packing and despatch of paper. 5, Caledonian Road, King’s Cross, London, N.1.

THE WORLD League Against Vivisection and for the Protection of Animals opposes all cruelty and violence. Details from: 5 North View, S.W.19.

WANTED. Seat car going Holy Loch Demonstra-

tion Whitsun, Share expenses. _ Mrs. Harbron, * Syston,’ Roseland Gardens, Highfield, South- ampton

WAR RESISTERS INTERNATIONAL welcomes gifts of foreign stamps. Please send to WRI, 88 Park Ave., Enfield, Middlesex.

LITERATURE

“* AHINSA " (Non-Violence, Non-Slaughter), The world-wide monthly publication for Ethical, Vege- tarians, Vegans, Hygienists, Pacifists. U.S. and Canada, $3 a year. ‘Anywhere else in the world, 7s. or equivalent. Stamps accepted. American Vegan Society, New Jersey, U.S.A.

CONTACT—a South African Liberal fortnightly with inside news of the struggle against :apartheid and colonialism. 6 months 8s. 9d., 12 months 17s. Box 1979, Cape Town, South’ Africa.

FREE INTRODUCTION, Send. us the names and addresses of friends likely to be interested in Peace News. They will receive complimentary copies and an invitation to take eight weeks’ trial. sub- scription for 2s. 6d. Peace News, 5 Caledonian Road, King’s Cross, London, N.1. Z

QUAKERISM. Information and literature re- specting the Faith and Practice of the Religious

ociety of Friends, free on application_to Friends

Home Service Cttee., Friends House, Euston Rd., London, N.W.1. i SARVODAYA—monthly magazine of the Bhoo-

India may be obtained from 5 <alodonien. Rds London, 2s. yearly, or 1s. (post 2d.) cach issue. Nile RAILWAY REVIEW. The only and_ best infermed TU newspaper. Trade Union and political news. Railway problems and_ working conditions featured in every issue. Every Friday. 12 pages 4d. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE ! by Reverend George King. H-bomb means disaster. People from other planets are here to help us. Read the true facts in this book. Price 19s. post free from Actherius

Society, 757 Fulham Road, London, S.W.6.

FOR SALE INEXPENSIVE Extension Ladders for sale. Price and testimonial sheets from A. Roberts, 42 Clare Rd., Cardiff. Established 1900.

PERSONAL & COMMERCIAL STATIONERY :‘ Manilla envelopes 6” x 3}’—10s. 6d. 1.000 box; 9” x 4”—24s. 6d. 1,000 box. White envelopes 6” x 34”—I7s. 6d. 1,000 box. Many other sizes/ styles available. Plain postcards 2s. 3d. 100; quarto bank paper 6s. 500 sheets. Harley Bond Writing Pads from 6d. each. Postage extra, special quota- tions for larger quantities. All profits to Peace News. Write or call Housmans, 5 Caledonian Road, King’s Cross, London, N.1. . (TERminus 8248.)

dan Movement Housmans Bookshop,

CLASS ‘A’

eee ee ee —_

eS ae ee

franchised. Last week’s census gives the Africans nearly eleven millions in contrast with less than four million Europeans.

Wind of change

Now, however, the wind of change is blowing over South Africa. On May the First (an appropriate day) Sir Villiers de Graaf, the United Party leader, declared for direct representation of the Coloureds (mixed race); a “defined political status (it is unclear what this means) for the Indians; African representation on a sepa- rate roll; and the entry of non-Whites to skilled employment by a “rate for the job policy.”

This is still far from race equality and democracy, but it represents a considerable retreat from previous attitudes. On the same day, when the Archbishop of Cape- Town arrived in London, he declared that the rank and file of Europeans think the days of apartheid are numbered.

There is little doubt that the exclusion of the Union from the Commonwealth has in- fluenced this changing view, particularly among the Whites of British origin. The danger is that in practice the Government at Westminster (under the pressure of Tory back-benchers) will cushion’ the effects of South Africa’s departure so that the» Whites will come to feel that it makes: little differ- ence. If this happens they will be less concerned to change apartheid.

Imperial preference

Dr. Diederichs, South Africa’s Minister for Economic Affairs, for example, says that imperial preference between the members of the Commonwealth and South Africa will remain as before. This strengthens an im- pression which grew during the recent de- bate’ in the British Parliament on the South Africa Bill that the intention is not to treat South Africa as of foreign status, but to continue a privileged relationship with her which will maintain many of the advantages of her previous Commonwealth relation- ship.

EXPERIENCED BOOK-KEEPER to take full responsibility for accounts in busy publishing office with varied activities, Interesting opportunity, Service

1961 holiday arrangements honoured.

Write to the Manager. Peace News, 5 Caledonian Road, London, N.1.

asuarme

for peace,

in South Africa to strengthen the Union’s military forces. These have been justified because of the danger, not of world war, but of internal disorders within South Africa and the somewhat remote possibility that there may be African invasions from the North in sympathy with an African rebellion. .

It would be intolerable if British troops or arms were made available to South Africa in these circumstances. Yet the Minister of Defence told the South African Parliament last week that it is not intended to cancel the affiliation of the Citizen Force, mobilised to crush internal revolts, with the British Army units in South Africa.

ee ae ee ee ae eee oe ee ee

Danger

One hopes that “the wind of change” in South Africa will proceed sufficiently to avoid physical revolts, but .the danger is close that at the time of the inauguration of the Republic this month clashes will occur. I am not suggesting that British troops will be used, but South African troops have been trained in Britain, and during the disturbances which followed Sharpeville and in Pondoland British-made Saracen tanks were used. Britain should immediately end all her joint Defence

arrangements with South Africa and no '

arms should be supplied to the Union Government.

I would hope that it is unnecessary to say that when we urge that the break with South Africa should be made real we are not moved by animosity to the South Afri- can people; but our speeches in Parliament were interpreted as meaning that. So let me state clearly that we understand the historic causes which have led to the present tragedy in South Africa, that we have a profound

PRINTING

MAGAZINES - PAMPHLETS

NEWSLETTERS + POSTERS

Reports, Balance Sheets, and all Commercial Printing

Enquiries receive prompt attention.

C. A. BROCK & Co.

LIMITED 79 Southern Row, London, W.10

Half Edge La. PFC Bring and Buy Sale. Proceeds in aid of Campaign Funds. Refreshments. PPU. GRANGE-OVER-SANDS: 3 p.m. Parish . Hall, Kent’s Bank Rd., ‘‘ Experiences in Two Wars ”’; Mrs. W. Parsons, O.B.E. Grange Peace Group. LONDON, W.1: 3 p.m. Wigmore Hall, Wigmore St. Recital by Wilfred Brown (Tenor) and John Williams (Guitar), Tickets may be obtained from

ue Action, 2 Amen Crt., E.C.4, (WELbeck : Sunday, May 14 ; LONDON, N.1: 3.30 p.m. 5 Caledonian Rd.,

Universal Religion-Pacifist Fellowship. Discourse : Arlo Tatum, ‘* Impressions of Hinduism.'’

LIVERPOOL : 8 p.m. 3A Courtney Rd., Waterloo. May Roberts: AGM Report. Crosby PPU.

Monday, May 15

, LONDON, W.C.1: 6.30 p.m. 6 Endsleigh St. Steps to Peace? World Peace Brigade ’’; Arlo Tatum. Refreshments 6 o'clock. Central London

PPU. Tuesday, May 16 LONDON, N.W.3: 8 p.m. 61A Fellows Rd. Bombs are Against the Law ’; Jack Gaster.

Wednesday, May 17 LONDON, N.9: 8 p.m. Congregational Church Hall, Lower Fore St., Frank Dawtry: ‘‘ Non-Violence

“H. CND.

and Crime.’’ Group AGM. Edmonton PPU. LIVERPOOL: 7.45 p.m. Friends Mtg. . Ho., Hunter St., PPU AGM Report by May Roberts.

Central PPU. Thursday, May 18

LONDON, E.11; 8 p.m. Friends Mtg. Ho., Bush Rd., Leytonstone. Muriel Sorensen: ‘‘ My work as a JP. ’*E.10,,8.11 PPU,

NEW. YORK: 8.30 p.m. Woodstock Hotel, 127 W.43rd St., ‘‘ Ahinsa—The Basis for Unilateral Dis- armament ’’; H. Jay and Freya Dinshah. American

Vegan Society. Friday, May 19 s LONDON, W.C.1: 1.15-2 p.m, Friends Inter- national Centre, 32 Tavistock Sq. Lunch-time Talk : ““ Impressions of Israel’’; Dr. James Henderson.

SoF. Saturday, May 20 ABERYSTWYTH : 1:30-4.30 p.m. Park Ave.,, March” to Castle Grounds» for All-Wales Rally (King’s Hall if wet). Michael Scott, Mervyn Jones,

Tudor Watkins, M.P. Accommodation enquiries : Ee aareet Davies, 12 Stanley Rd., Aberystwyth.

Sunday, May 21 DUNOON: 1. p.m. Dunoon Pier, leave 1.30 p.m. for Sandbank. Scottish CND Support March for the London-Holy Loch protest marchers, { SANDBANK: 2.30 ‘p.m. War Memorial for SCND Mass Meeting. Hear the case for Nuclear

Disarmament. Saturday, May 27 LONDON, S.W.4: 3 p.m, Lecture Hall, Clapham Bath, Clapham Manor St. (Nr. Clapham North Tube), Max Parker (FoR): International Peace— The Chrisitian Pacifist Contribution.’’ Adm. free. Christian Socialist Movement.

Tuesday. May 30 ; LONDON, W.C.1; 6.30 p.m. 6 Endsleigh St. All PPU members welcome. London Area PPU.

LCM Ewery week: !

SATURDAYS

LONDON, W.11: Golborne Rd., off Portobello Market, north end, Peace Bookstall in Market 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Helpers for two-hour shifts are needed. Apply to the Secretary, BAY 2086, or Organiser, FLA 7906. Porchester PPU.

SATURDAYS AND SUNDAYS

LONDON: 72 Oakley Sq., N.W.1, Week-end work camps take place whenever possible. ‘Phone HUS 3195. Work for needy sections of the com-

munity. IVS. THURSDAYS

LONDON, E.11: 8 p.m. Friends Mtg. Ho., Bush Rd. gear Green Man), H.1@ and B.11 Geeup PPU.

9a ANNA ED aN ae ABE tNEN EEN A8 EE att gett HENNE gy

SCOTS KIRK MINISTERS ON MORALITY AND THE H-BOMB

CONFERENCE of ministers of the Church of Scotland on the issues involved in unilateral nuclear disarmament was held in Community House, Glasgow, on April 24. This conference followed the despatch of a statement

on unilateral nuclear disarmament to all ministers of ‘the. Kirk. . The state- ment had already been signed by over one hundred ministers.

Speakers at. the _conference..were Dr. William Barclay, of Trinity College, Glas- gow, Dr. H. Mykura, of the Natural’ Philo- sophy Department of Glasgow University, and Mr. George Houston, of the’ Political Economy Department, Glasgow University.

Dr, Barclay began by saying that the threat of nuclear warfare had ‘not really produced a new problem; it had simply accentuated an old problem: that ofthe Christian ‘attitude to war; Christianity:;was founded’on love, and Christian love. in- volves seeking the highest good of all: men. It: was ‘therefore obvious that Christian love did not mean allowing people to: do’ what they liked. It involved discipline, punish- ment, and restraint of the wrong-doer, But

or THE PLEDGE

(HE words of the Peace

Pledge Union pledge (adapted by Dick Sheppard from a sermon preached in New’ York by Dr. Fosdick during a service to commemorate the Armis- tice after the First World War) were. endorsed at the first Annual General Meet- ing on April 2 and 3, 1938, after various amendments had been ‘rejected,

The AGM of 1941, though agreeing that the Four ‘Affirmations, should be regarded as expressing the corporate mind of the PPU, declined to alter the wording of the pledge to’ which each individual is committed.

In 1946, 1954 and 1957 each AGM re- peated the decision that no alteration was necessary, and on the last occasion rejected a proposal to make the payment of a sub- scription a condition of membership.

The Declaration of Policy and Principles endorsed by the 1958 AGM was issued m the pamphlet Pacifism as an expansion of

{

By J. W. Sim

Warden of Community House Glasgow

Christian discipline, punishment, and_re- straint must always be exercised with a view to remedy and cure, never with a view to retribution and destruction,

“You do not make a man better,” said Dr. Barclay, “or a nation better by wiping out the man and the nation. , Warfare. of any kind is the denial’ of the,basic Christian principle that force, when it is used, as it sometimes must be used, is intended -for remedy and cure. 1

“When ‘we say that: if Communism in- vaded this country, it would be the end of Christianity, it simply méans thatwe' have lost all belief in the power of Christianity to convert and to change men. A Christian can destroy the enemies of mpage cg only by converting them.”

In his opinion the plain choice was’ be- tween following a’ course of so-called priid- ence, ‘or risking everything on the adventure of being fully Christian. ‘In’ point of ‘fact,

the policy of so-called prudence leads in the end to a situation based on fear and preg- nant with disaster.

Dr. Barclay concluded: Any campaign for unilateral. nuclear disarmament is fore- doomed to failure without an equal cam- paign for the revitalisation of the Church. If the only defence. of Christianity is, in fact, Christianity itself, then the. defence lies upon the Church.”

Speaking- of the scientific issues involved, Dr. Mykura~ said that’ the UK ‘defence expenditure was £1,600,000,000, and that of the US $40,000,000,000. One estimate. of the number of megaton. bombs now. in existence thinks they could make two-thirds of the northern hemisphere uninhabitable for one or two. years.. The alarming thing is that- many other countries. could «start manufacturing even more bombs:as soon as they could afford it.

As a political economist, George Houston said that'a study of the economic aspects of disarmament yielded powerful ‘supporting arguments with which to “defeat the advo- cates of nuclear terrorism. “World disarma- ment would set in motion objective 'econo- mic forces which would make both’ sides more economically dependent on each other. It would, moreover, take the aid to under- developed countries out of the punter of cold war.

South African Donen News. reader defi es ban on suppressed issues

OUTH AFRICAN police called at the Durban home of Peace News reader Theodore Kloppenburg recently to demand copies of the banned issues of Peace News which he had earlier told the Government he was keeping in

defiance. of «a Government order

making it illegal to do so.

He took four down to the police station on the following day, telling them that he did not intend to surrender the copies from his’ own personal file. ©

In a letter to the Minister of the Interior telling of this action he said: that I take this action not out of bravado or for personal glory but for the moral sup- port to all those who disobey laws, in this

Article 19 of the said Universal Declaration

which says in part: i Everyone has the right to . . . receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers

“It is only my great desire for truth,

“T feiterate | justice and freedom that urges me to this

stand of resistance. I am ready to undergo any punishment the not’so very free judges or ‘Magistrates may now impose ho oh me.’

PEACE NEWS, May 12, 1961—3

KNOWN TO MAN

When thousands of unburied corpses were sinking into the Flanders slime, the Imperial War Graves Commission was set up to ensure that all who had fallen in defence of freedom should be given a fitting grave -or- memerial. Sunday Times, May 7,

FEN THOUSAND cemeteries in 150

‘different countries are maintained by the War Graves Commission, now called Commonwealth.’’.. instead . of Imperial.” There are not only graves in these. cemeteries. but: memorials to those whose bodies were never found; the graves of, those who.could not. be identified were marked with the words: “Known to God.”

I have not myself seen’ these serried ranks of graves and uniform crosses; I am fully prepared to believe the description of those who have, that‘everything is exquisitely laid out, that there ‘is ‘beauty and simplicity in the architécture of the:Gardens of Remem- brance, and that the ‘conception of a holy shrine f6t the heroic ' dead Pas well imple- mented.

The facts, however, are very different from the sentimental glamorisation that is inherent in such words: as those inscribed in

the Warrior's Chapel, Westminster Abbey:

Hy They died ‘in every quarter of the earth

and. in all its seas, and their graves’ are

made sure to them by their kin.” Yes, they died; but they also, killed, and though in the agony of grief it is natural for those be- reayed to make sure about; the graves, it is in any respect a meaningless phrase; it is a device for assuaging grief and a method for misting over the truth.

Those ‘‘ whose bodies were neyer found.” means that men,.men with feeling and nerves, with passions and senses, with, flesh and bones and blood, were disintegrated into nothing but fragments, unrecognisable and untraceable, by ‘blast and fire:’.As for those “known to God” they were bodies so decomposed, so shattered and disfigured and broken that they could not be identified

YYahy WET CMRGOESCU al Le first Annual General Meet- ing on April 2 and 3, 1938, after various amendments had been ‘rejected, *

The AGM of 1941, though agreeing that the Four Affirmations should be regarded as expressing the corporate mind of the PPU, declined to alter the wording of the pledge to’ which each individual is committed.

In 1946, 1954 and 1957 each AGM re- peated the decision that no alteration was necessary, and on the last occasion rejected a proposal to make the payment of a sub- scription.a condition of membership,

The Declaration of Policy and Principles endorsed by the 1958 AGM was issued in the pamphlet Pacifism as an expansion of the pledge in terms of current problems.:

A proposal to alter the pledge was again rejected by the 1959 AGM, and this year a similar motion to add further obligations to the pledge was defeated. It was, however, agreed that National Council ‘should revise and re-issue the card containing some im- plications of the pledge which was approved at the 1950 AGM.

So the basis of the PPU remains the unilateral action of the individual in re- nouncing all war, issumg in the policy of the unilateral renunciation of all weapons of war by the nation, and beyond that, members are left free to interpret the pledge as conscience directs.

So, too, members are left free to become voluntary subscribers or not, but I cannot but think that all those who have the cause of pacifism at heart will want not only to subscribe to the pledge but also to PPU funds as conscience and pocket direct, If this is also your view, will you please send to the PPU Headquarters Fund what your conscience approves,

STUART MORRIS, General Secretary.

Our Aim for the year : £1,750,

Amount received to date: £270, an in- crease of £63,

Donations to the Peace Pledge Union, which are used for the work of the PPU, should be sent marked Headquarters Fund,” to the PPU Treasurer at Dick Shep- pard House, Endsleigh St., London, W.C.1.

“| renounce war and I will never support or sanction another This pledge, signed by each member, is the basis of the Peace Pledge Union. Send your pledge to PPU Headquarters

DICK SHEPPARD HOUSE 6 Endsleigh Street

Lenden, W.C.1

gepies Dan On Suppressed Issues

GOUTH AFRICAN police called at the Durban home of Peace News reader Theodore Kloppenburg recently to demand copies of the banned issues of Peace News which he had earlier told the Government he was keeping in

defiance. of «a Government order

making it illegal to do so.

_He took four down to the police station on the following day, telling them that he did not intend to surrender the copies from his’ own personal file.

In a letter to the Minister of the Interior

Article 19 of the said Universal Declaration

which says in part: ‘Everyone has the right to... receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers’

“It is only my great desire for truth,

telling of this action he said: “I reiterate | justice and freedom that urges me to this

that I take this action not out of bravado or for personal glory but for the moral sup- port to all those who disobey laws, in this and other countries, laws which are flagrantly contrary to the Rights of Man as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, drawn up by the General Assembly of: the United Nations on December 10, 1948, and to which declara- tion, I understand, the Union of South Africa is a signatory. 4

“The banning of these numbers of Peace News . . . cannot be in agreement with

RECITAL TO AID CHRISTIAN ACTION

WILFRED BROWN (tenor) and John Williams (guitar) will give a recital in aid of Christian Action on May 13.

The recital will include works by Bach, Scarlattti, Haydn, and such modern com- posers as Arnold Cooke, Jean Francaix and Villa-lobos. . Tickets may be obtained in advance from Christian Action, 2 Amen Court, London, E.C.4, or from the Wigmore Hall, where the recital is to take place at 3 pm. (Seats at 21s., 12s. 6d., 10s., 7s. 6d. and unreserved 5s.)

Wilfred Brown, who worked with Quaker relief during the last war, is one of our busiest oratorio singers and_ broadcasters. John Williams, a pupil of Segovia, has a growing reputation as a broadcaster and recording artiste.

DORIS WHITEMAN

Doers WHITEMAN, who died on April

25 at the age of 66, was an active worker for pacifism and a lifelong Socialist. With her husband Duncan, who was im- prisoned for conscientious objection in the first world war, she was a regular and valued member of the King’s Heath and Cotteridge (Birmingham) Peace Pledge Union group,

stand of.resistance. ‘I am ready to undergo any punishment the not'so very free judges or magistrates may now impose upon me.”

HULL POSTER BAN

Pacifist Fortnight Campaign THE Hull Corporation and East

Yorkshire Motor Services have re- fused to display the announcements for the Pacifist’ Fortnight now appearing on London’s underground trains.

To date, 3,000 each of leaflets No. 1 and No, 2 are on order and 2,000 stickers have been sold. Orders are’ still coming in.

Rugby, Southend, and South Bucks are planning to send coach-loads ‘of supporters to‘the Trafalgar Square meeting on June 1. Victor Gollancz has joined the list of speakers for that: meeting.

During the fortnight, Dick Sheppard House will be nightly “at home” to all visitors, with a continuous programme of meetings, forums, and film shows.

Sheffield and Plymouth .Quakers. are following the example of a London group in suggesting special displays of books on pacifism and pacifists at their public libraries during the fortnight.

Newcastle means to take advantage of the annual Race Week on Town Moor where the pacifists hope to have a stall, distribute leaflets and send off a large number of balloons with peace cards attached.

Poster parades, open-air meetings, garden parties and intensive leafleting are being planned in many parts of the country.

SYBIL MORRISON’S COLUMN

SyBIL Morrison has expressed a wish to conclude her series. Her lively and contro- versial column has spanned a period of twelve years and seen the introduction and ending of peace-time conscription in Britain.

a ee ee nie)

and in all its seas, and their graves are made sure to them by their kin.” Yes, they died; but they also, killed,’ and though in the agony of grief it is natural for those be- reaved to make sure about: the graves, it is in any respect a meaningless, phrase; it is a device for assuaging grief and a method for misting over the truth,

Those whose bodies were neyer found:” means that men, .men with feeling and nerves, with passions and senses, with, flesh and bones and blood, were disintegrated into nothing but fragments, unrecognisable